Mormon Trail, in U.S. history, the route taken by Mormons from Nauvoo, Illinois, to the Great Salt Lake in what would become the state of Utah.
What states did the Mormon Trail go through?
The trail crossed parts of five states: Illinois, Iowa, Nebraska, Wyoming, and Utah.
What cities did the Mormon Trail go through?
The Mormon pioneer run began in 1846, when Young and his followers were driven from Nauvoo.
|Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail|
|Echo Canyon, Utah on Mormon Trail|
|Location||Illinois, Iowa, Nebraska, Wyoming, Utah, US|
|Nearest city||Nauvoo, Illinois; Salt Lake City, Utah|
|Established||November 10, 1846|
Where does the Mormon Trail start and end?
Learn about the Mormon Trail at the California Trail Interpretive Center. This journey for these immigrants began in 1846 in Nauvoo, Illinois, and ended in Salt Lake City, Utah.
Where did the Mormon pioneers enter the Salt Lake Valley?
Shortly after the first company arrived in the Salt Lake Valley in 1847, the community of Bountiful was established to the north. In 1848, pioneer moved into lands purchased from trapper Miles Goodyear in present-day Ogden.
Why did the Mormons go on the Mormon Trail?
After Mormon leader Joseph Smith was murdered by a mob in 1844, church members realized that their settlement at Nauvoo was becoming increasingly untenable. … Smith’s successor, Brigham Young, proposed a 1,300-mile (2,100-km) exodus to the west.
Who traveled the Mormon Trail and why?
In 1846, Mormons left Nauvoo, Illinois because of religious persecution and traveled across Iowa, ending in Winter Quarters, Nebraska. On April 5, 1847, an advance company led by Brigham Young set off from Winter Quarters on their trek across the country, (1,040 miles) to a new home in the tops of the Rocky Mountains.
Which hardship did many pioneers face while traveling the Mormon Trail?
The journey along the Mormon Trail (as it later became known) was treacherous, and many pioneers were met with disaster. Rattlesnakes, blizzards, confrontations with Native Americans, and starvation were just a few of the challenges they faced.
What did Mormon pioneers eat on the trail?
The typical pioneer diet consisted of corn-meal mush, white or navy beans, salt-rising bread, dried fruit (if they had it), and any meat they may get along the trail. Things that packed well like flour or beans were the staples.
How many miles did the Mormon pioneers walk each day?
Average distance covered in a day was usually fifteen miles, but on a good day twenty could be traveled. 7:30 am: Men ride ahead on horses with shovels to clear out a path, if needed.
What was life like on the Mormon Trail?
It sheltered more than 3,000 people during the winter of 1846-47. It was a safe place in the wilderness for people who were fleeing from vengeful mobs. Unfortunately, they lived in log cabins, sod houses, and dugouts without enough food and supplies.
Who was the first Mormon?
Joseph Smith Sr. Joseph Smith Jr. (December 23, 1805 – June 27, 1844) was an American religious leader and founder of Mormonism and the Latter Day Saint movement.
Why did the Mormon decide to move to Utah?
The Mormons, as they were commonly known, had moved west to escape religious discrimination. After the murder of founder and prophet Joseph Smith, they knew they had to leave their old settlement in Illinois. Many Mormons died in the cold, harsh winter months as they made their way over the Rocky Mountains to Utah.
What year did the Mormon pioneers come to Utah?
Completing a treacherous thousand-mile exodus, an ill and exhausted Brigham Young and fellow members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints arrived in Utah’s Great Salt Lake Valley on July 24, 1847. The Mormon pioneers viewed their arrival as the founding of a Mormon homeland, hence Pioneer Day.
Why does Utah celebrate July 24?
It commemorates the entry of Brigham Young and the first group of Mormon pioneers into the Salt Lake Valley on July 24, 1847, where the Latter-day Saints settled after being forced from Nauvoo, Illinois, and other locations in the eastern United States.
Who owned Utah in 1847?
The settlement of Utah by Anglo-Saxons was commenced in July, 1847, when Brigham Young, president of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, lead the Saints to settle what is now Salt Lake City, a group consisting of 143 men, 3 women and 2 children.