Synagogues are consecrated spaces used for the purpose of prayer, reading of the Tanakh (the entire Hebrew Bible, including the Torah), study and assembly; however, a synagogue is not necessary for Jewish worship. Halakha holds that communal Jewish worship can be carried out wherever ten Jews (a minyan) assemble.
What does synagogue mean?
The term synagogue is of Greek origin (synagein, “to bring together”) and means “a place of assembly.” The Yiddish word shul (from German Schule, “school”) is also used to refer to the synagogue, and in modern times the word temple is common among some Reform and Conservative congregations. …
What was the synagogue in Jesus time?
Capernaum was first established during the Hellenistic period (2nd century BCE). During the period of Jesus’ activity in the Galilee (beginning of the 1st century CE), it was a large Jewish village.
What is the difference between a church and a synagogue?
As nouns the difference between church and synagogue
is that church is (countable) a christian house of worship; a building where religious services take place while synagogue is a place where jews meet for worship.
What did Jesus teach in the synagogue?
Luke 4:23, where Jesus, speaking in the Nazareth synagogue, refers to “what has been heard done” in Capernaum. John 6:22-59: contains Jesus’ Bread of Life Discourse; verse 59 confirms that Jesus taught this doctrine in the Capernaum synagogue.
Why is a synagogue important?
The synagogue is an important centre for Jewish communities where meetings take place and social gatherings happen. It is a place of education with classes where people can learn Hebrew . Synagogues often hold charity events and have various activities for young people, such as youth clubs.
What is the hall of worship of a synagogue called?
Inside the synagogue
The synagogue is the Jewish place of worship, but is also used as a place to study, and often as a community centre as well. Orthodox Jews often use the Yiddish word shul (pronounced shool) to refer to their synagogue. In the USA, synagogues are often called temples.
Why did Jesus sit down in the synagogue?
History tells us there were two seats at the front of the synagogue, one of which was kept empty at all times as it was the seat the messiah would sit in. This is the seat that Jesus sat in. He was demonstrating to them that He was the messiah.
What does Jesus do in the synagogue at Nazareth?
According to Christian tradition, the church is built on the ruins of the ancient Nazareth synagogue where Jesus studied and prayed. In addition, it is where one Sabbath day Jesus went to preach. In two Gospels (Matthew 13:54-58, Mark 6:1-6), his fellow townspeople became angry with him.
What are the seats called in a synagogue?
A mechitza most commonly means the physical divider placed between the men’s and women’s sections in Orthodox synagogues and at religious celebrations.
Can a synagogue be called a temple?
Nothing. A temple is a synagogue. It is usually Reform, but not invariably. However, orthodox communities will not use the word ‘temple’ for a synagogue, since they would reserve that word purely for THE temple, in Jerusalem.
What does Jesus do for Jairus the synagogue ruler?
Jairus (Greek: Ἰάειρος, Iaeiros, from the Hebrew name Yair), a patron or ruler of a Galilee synagogue, had asked Jesus to heal his 12-year-old daughter. As they were traveling to Jairus’ house, a sick woman in the crowd touched Jesus’ cloak and was healed of her sickness.
What did Jesus say about Capernaum?
It was in the Capernaum synagogue that Jesus gave the Sermon on the Bread of Life (John 6:35-59) ” Whoever eats my flesh and drinks my blood has eternal life and I will raise him up at the last day”.
What is modern day Capernaum?
Capernaum, Douai Capharnaum, modern Kefar Naḥum, ancient city on the northwestern shore of the Sea of Galilee, Israel. … It was Jesus’ second home and, during the period of his life, a garrison town, an administrative centre, and a customs station.