Transept, the area of a cruciform church lying at right angles to the principal axis. The bay at which the transept intersects the main body of the church is called the crossing. The transept itself is sometimes simply called the cross.
What is the purpose of a transept?
transept A rectangular area which cuts across the main axis of a basilica-type building and projects beyond it. The transept gives a basilica the shape of a Latin cross and usually serves to separate the main area of the building from an apse at the end.
What is the apse of a church?
Apse, in architecture, a semicircular or polygonal termination to the choir, chancel, or aisle of a secular or ecclesiastical building. First used in pre-Christian Roman architecture, the apse often functioned as an enlarged niche to hold the statue of a deity in a temple.
What is a nave in a church?
Nave, central and principal part of a Christian church, extending from the entrance (the narthex) to the transepts (transverse aisle crossing the nave in front of the sanctuary in a cruciform church) or, in the absence of transepts, to the chancel (area around the altar).
What is the ceiling of a church called?
In architecture, a vault (French voûte, from Italian volta) is a self-supporting arched form, usually of stone or brick, serving to cover a space with a ceiling or roof.
What is the area behind the altar called?
In church architecture, the chancel is the space around the altar, including the choir and the sanctuary (sometimes called the presbytery), at the liturgical east end of a traditional Christian church building.
What does transept mean?
Transept, the area of a cruciform church lying at right angles to the principal axis. … The transept itself is sometimes simply called the cross. The nave of a church with a cruciform plan usually extends toward the west from the crossing, the choir and sanctuary toward the east.
What are the main parts of a church?
The names for the parts of the church are in red after each number.
- Façade towers.
Why does the apse face east?
In the catholic liturgy, it describes an eastward orientation of celebrating Mass, according to the “cosmic sign of the rising sun which symbolizes the universality of God.” [1,2] It is interesting to note that the earliest churches in Rome had the main entrance facing east and an apse with the altar to the west; the …
Where is the apse located in a church?
Commonly, the apse of a church, cathedral or basilica is the semicircular or polygonal termination to the choir or sanctuary, or sometimes at the end of an aisle. In church architecture it is generally the name given to where the altar is placed or where the clergy are seated.
What are the four parts of the church?
The Four Marks of the Church, also known as the Attributes of the Church, is a term describing four distinctive adjectives—”One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic”—of traditional Christian ecclesiology as expressed in the Niceno-Constantinopolitan Creed completed at the First Council of Constantinople in AD 381: “[We …
What are the three parts of the church?
Churches Militant, Penitent, and Triumphant.
What are the rooms of a church called?
Most protestants will call it the Sanctuary. Catholic, Orthodox and Anglicans will call in the Nave, the Sanctuary being the region around the altar. And for those same Churches the area in front of the doors is called the Narthex.
What is the raised platform in a church called?
A pulpit is a raised stand for preachers in a Christian church. The origin of the word is the Latin pulpitum (platform or staging).
What is the balcony in a church called?
A choir, also sometimes called quire, is the area of a church or cathedral that provides seating for the clergy and church choir. … In modern churches, the choir may be located centrally behind the altar, or the pulpit.