What is nave in church architecture?

Nave, central and principal part of a Christian church, extending from the entrance (the narthex) to the transepts (transverse aisle crossing the nave in front of the sanctuary in a cruciform church) or, in the absence of transepts, to the chancel (area around the altar).

What does nave mean?

Definition of nave (Entry 2 of 2) : the main part of the interior of a church especially : the long narrow central hall in a cruciform church that rises higher than the aisles flanking it to form a clerestory.

What does Nave look like?

The word “nave” comes from the Latin word for “ship”, navis, because people in the Middle Ages thought a nave looked like the bottom part of a ship turned upside-down. … You can see the two rows of columns, and the three naves (or one nave and two aisles) between the columns, and the apse at the other end.

What is a nave and transept?

Transept, the area of a cruciform church lying at right angles to the principal axis. … The nave of a church with a cruciform plan usually extends toward the west from the crossing, the choir and sanctuary toward the east.

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What is the difference between nave and apse?

As nouns the difference between nave and apse

is that nave is (human) hand while apse is (architecture) a semicircular projection from a building, especially the rounded east end of a church that contains the altar.

Why is the nave important in a church?

The nave is that part of a church set apart for the laity, as distinguished from the chancel, choir, and presbytery, which are reserved for the choir and clergy. The separation of the two areas may be effected by screens or parapets, called cancelli.

What part of the body is the nave?

noun The navel. noun The main body, or middle part, lengthwise, of a church, extending typically from the chief entrance to the choir or chancel.

What is the Centre of a church called?

The nave (/neɪv/) is the central part of a church, stretching from the (normally western) main entrance or rear wall, to the transepts, or in a church without transepts, to the chancel. … Either way, the nave is distinct from the area reserved for the choir and clergy.

What is the main area of a church called?

The nave is the main part of the church where the congregation (the people who come to worship) sit. The aisles are the sides of the church which may run along the side of the nave. The transept, if there is one, is an area which crosses the nave near the top of the church.

What are the rooms of a church called?

Most protestants will call it the Sanctuary. Catholic, Orthodox and Anglicans will call in the Nave, the Sanctuary being the region around the altar. And for those same Churches the area in front of the doors is called the Narthex.

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What is the transept used for in a church?

transept A rectangular area which cuts across the main axis of a basilica-type building and projects beyond it. The transept gives a basilica the shape of a Latin cross and usually serves to separate the main area of the building from an apse at the end.

What is the altar area of a church called?

In church architecture, the chancel is the space around the altar, including the choir and the sanctuary (sometimes called the presbytery), at the liturgical east end of a traditional Christian church building. It may terminate in an apse.

What is another word for nave?

In this page you can discover 20 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for nave, like: hub, core, middle, center, chancel, transept, clerestory, rood-screen, aisle, sedilia and lady chapel.

What is the balcony in a church called?

A choir, also sometimes called quire, is the area of a church or cathedral that provides seating for the clergy and church choir. … In modern churches, the choir may be located centrally behind the altar, or the pulpit.

Why does the apse face east?

In the catholic liturgy, it describes an eastward orientation of celebrating Mass, according to the “cosmic sign of the rising sun which symbolizes the universality of God.” [1,2] It is interesting to note that the earliest churches in Rome had the main entrance facing east and an apse with the altar to the west; the …

Why is the apse in the East?

The Apostolic Constitutions, a work of eastern Christianity written between 375 and 380 AD, gave it as a rule that churches should have the sanctuary (with apse and sacristies) at the east end, to enable Christians to pray eastward in church as in private or in small groups.

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