Koine Greek and Church Slavonic are the main sacred languages used in the Churches of the Eastern Orthodox communion. However, the Eastern Orthodox Church permits other languages to be used for liturgical worship, and each country often has the liturgical services in their own language.
Which language did the Eastern Orthodox Church in Constantinople?
|Eastern Orthodox Church|
|Language||Koine Greek, Church Slavonic, vernacular|
|Liturgy||Byzantine (nearly ubiquitous); also Western|
What is the difference between Greek Orthodox and Eastern Orthodox?
Historically, the term “Greek Orthodox” has been used to describe all Eastern Orthodox churches in general, since “Greek” in “Greek Orthodox” can refer to the heritage of the Byzantine Empire. … Thus, the Eastern Church came to be called “Greek” Orthodox in the same way that the Western Church is called “Roman” Catholic.
How is Orthodox different from Catholic?
The Catholic Church believes the pope to be infallible in matters of doctrine. Orthodox believers reject the infallibility of the pope and consider their own patriarchs, too, as human and thus subject to error. … Most Orthodox Churches have both ordained married priests and celibate monastics, so celibacy is an option.
Is Orthodox the oldest religion?
Historically, the Greek Orthodox Church is the oldest Christian sect.
Who came first Catholic or Orthodox?
The two were once one so originally there was no separation, and originally it was just the “Christian Church.” The Orthodox church is considered the original church now because they follow more of the old traditions than Roman Catholics do; more changes happened in the Catholic church after the east west schism than …
Who is the leader of the Eastern Orthodox Church?
The Eastern Orthodox Churches. The nominal head of the Eastern Orthodox Churches is the Patriarch of Constantinople. However, he is only first among equals and has no real authority over Churches other than his own. There are 15 ‘autocephalous Churches’, listed in order of precedence.
Can Orthodox priests marry?
Under Orthodox rules, a celibate priest cannot marry after ordination, and a non-celibate priest cannot remarry and remain a priest, even if his wife dies, he said. Widowers who remain celibate can become bishops, but that’s happened just once.
What religion is similar to Greek Orthodox?
Roman Catholic and Greek Orthodox believers both believe in the same God.
Which country has the largest Orthodox Church?
Overview. Eastern Orthodoxy is the predominant religion in the world’s largest country, Russia (77%), where roughly half the world’s Eastern Orthodox Christians live.
Can a Catholic go to an Orthodox church?
Both Catholics and Protestants are welcome to attend the Orthodox Mass but they CANNOT take Holy Communion, the Orthodox Priest is not allowed to give it to them.
Is Orthodox Christianity older than Catholic?
The Orthodox represents the original Christian Church because they trace their bishops back to the five early patriarchates of Rome, Alexandria, Jerusalem, Constantinople and Antioch. Decisions were made in council and there was no “pope”. … Therefore the Catholic Church is the oldest of all.
Why did the Orthodox Church split from the Catholic Church?
The Great Schism came about due to a complex mix of religious disagreements and political conflicts. One of the many religious disagreements between the western (Roman) and eastern (Byzantine) branches of the church had to do with whether or not it was acceptable to use unleavened bread for the sacrament of communion.
Which is the oldest Orthodox church?
According to the Catholic Encyclopedia the Cenacle (the site of the Last Supper) in Jerusalem was the “first Christian church.” The Dura-Europos church in Syria is the oldest surviving church building in the world, while the archaeological remains of both the Aqaba Church and the Megiddo church have been considered to …
How old is Greek Orthodox religion?
The Orthodox Church that exists today is the same one that the Apostles set up over two thousand years ago.
How did Russia become Orthodox?
Church History. The Russian Orthodox Church traces its origins to the time of Kievan Rus’, the first forerunner of the modern Russian state. In A.D. … After the fall of the Byzantine Empire in 1453, the Russian Orthodox Church evolved into a semi-independent (autocephalous) branch of Eastern Christianity.