The Three Kings, or Magi, are mentioned only in the Gospel of Matthew 2:1-12. Few details are given about these men in the Bible, and most of our ideas about them actually come from tradition or speculation.
Where are the three wisemen from?
Later tellings of the story identified the magi by name and identified their lands of origin: Melchior hailed from Persia, Gaspar (also called “Caspar” or “Jaspar”) from India, and Balthazar from Arabia.
What is the story of the three kings?
According to the Biblical story, the Three Kings (also called wise men or magi) – named Melchior, Caspar and Balthazar – followed the Star of Bethlehem to find the birth place of Baby Jesus. They presented the baby with gifts of gold, frankincense and myrrh.
Who were the three kings of the Hebrews?
Then in about the 6th century the number was fixed at three — perhaps because of the three gifts they presented — and they become known as “kings.” In an Armenian text they were given their names: Gaspar (or Caspar), Balthasar and Melchior. In time the personages of the Three Kings were embellished with details.
What gift did Balthasar give to Jesus?
Balthazar is traditionally referred to as the King of Macedonia and gave the gift of myrrh to Jesus. In the Roman Catholic Church, he is regarded as a saint (as are the other two Magi).
Was there a 4th Wise Man?
In the mountains of ancient Persia, lived Artaban, whose study of the planets and the stars led him to predict the birth of the King of Kings. …
Who gave Jesus myrrh?
There are legends, stories. One legend says the thieves crucified with Jesus had stolen the gold given him at birth. Another says that Judas was made custodian of the gifts and he sold them and pocketed the money. There is a story that the myrrh given to Jesus as a child was used in his burial.
Do you give gifts on Three Kings Day?
Three Kings Day, or El Dia de Reyes, remains an important holiday for Catholics. In addition to gift-giving, there is also a culinary treat that is specific to the holiday. Known as Rosca de Reyes (King’s Cake), this holiday dessert is a symbolic pastry.
Which star did the Three Kings follow?
The Star of Bethlehem, or Christmas Star, appears in the nativity story of the Gospel of Matthew where “wise men from the East” (Magi) are inspired by the star to travel to Jerusalem.
Who was the oldest of the three kings?
Melchior was often referred to as the oldest member of the Magi. He was traditionally called the King of Persia and brought the gift of gold to Jesus.
What religion are magi?
Magi (/ˈmeɪdʒaɪ/; singular magus /ˈmeɪɡəs/; from Latin magus) were priests in Zoroastrianism and the earlier religions of the western Iranians.
Which city did all 3 Kings belonged to?
There is an Armenian tradition identifying the “Magi of Bethlehem” as Balthasar of Arabia, Melchior of Persia, and Gaspar of India.
What does Balthazar mean?
Balthazar (also spelled Balthasar, Balthassar, or Baltazar), from Akkadian Bel-shar-uzur, meaning “Bel protects the King” is the name commonly attributed to one of the Three Wise Men, at least in the west. … It is an alternate form of the Babylonian king Belshazzar, mentioned in the Book of Daniel.
What was myrrh used for in the Bible?
Myrrh was an ingredient of Ketoret: the consecrated incense used in the First and Second Temples at Jerusalem, as described in the Hebrew Bible and Talmud. … Myrrh is also listed as an ingredient in the holy anointing oil used to anoint the tabernacle, high priests and kings.
Which of the 3 Kings was black?
By the 15th century CE, within Europe, the three kings were regarded as representative symbols of Africa, Asia, and Europe, and they were frequently depicted within Renaissance and Baroque art with Balthazar as a black king.