Elaborately carved wooden churches were once present in many parts of northwest Europe. Today, they are almost exclusively found in Norway. Borgund Stave Church in Lærdal. During the Middle Ages, immense stone cathedrals were constructed in many parts of Europe.
Where can stave churches be found?
A stave church is a medieval church made from wood. It is usually characterized by post and lintel construction, which uses timber framing. Stave churches are concentrated in Northern Europe, and some of the most interesting and best preserved examples are located in Norway.
What religion are Stave churches?
A stave church is a medieval wooden Christian church building once common in north-western Europe. The name derives from the building’s structure of post and lintel construction, a type of timber framing where the load-bearing ore-pine posts are called stafr in Old Norse (stav in modern Norwegian).
What is the oldest church in Norway?
The brown, wooden church was built in a stave church style around the year 1200.
|Borgund Stave Church|
|Denomination||Church of Norway|
How many stave churches in Norway?
Stave churches are considered to be among the most important examples of wooden Medieval architecture in Europe. In the Middle Ages, there were probably more than 1,000 stave churches in Norway. Today, only 28 remain, including Urnes stave church, which is included on UNESCO’s World Heritage List.
Where’s the oldest church in the world?
According to the Catholic Encyclopedia the Cenacle (the site of the Last Supper) in Jerusalem was the “first Christian church.” The Dura-Europos church in Syria is the oldest surviving church building in the world, while the archaeological remains of both the Aqaba Church and the Megiddo church have been considered to …
Do stave churches have nails?
Stave churches are characterized by the “staves,” or thick wooden posts, that hold them up. Using the same woodworking prowess that made the Vikings such adept shipbuilders, traditional stave churches were often built using nothing more that expertly crafted joints and joins, with no nails or glue.
Did Vikings build churches?
We learn about Vikings from their boats and artifacts preserved at burial sites. After the advent of Christianity, Norwegians built distinctive, wood stave churches; a few remain — the best is Borgund.
Are there stave churches in Sweden?
Apart from a few replicas, the small Hedareds Stavkyrka in the village Hedared on the north-western edge of Borås Kommun is the only remaining original stave church in Sweden.
Did Vikings have churches?
To the Viking, churches and monasteries were simply badly defended buildings with riches behind their walls. It’s known that the Vikings worshipped many gods. This may go some way to explain why some were so quick to adopt the concept of a Christian god.
Why are buildings in Norway red?
Red: The red colour was the cheapest to produce. It was created by mixing ochre with cod liver oil (or other vegetable oils or animal oils). As a result, many buildings in farming lands or fishing areas where incomes were lower than average were mostly paint in red.
What race is Norwegian?
Norwegians (Norwegian: nordmenn) are a North Germanic ethnic group native to Norway. They share a common culture and speak the Norwegian language. Norwegian people and their descendants are found in migrant communities worldwide, notably in the United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa.
What is Norway’s religion?
The Church of Norway is Lutheran, but Catholicism and other Christian denominations are also widespread. Islam is one of the largest religions in Norway. There are also well established Jewish and Buddhist communities.
What is a Viking stave?
There are several types of stave churches, but what they all have in common are corner-posts (“staves”) and a framework of timber with wall planks standing on sills. These walls are known as stave walls, hence the name stave church. … The churches’ wooden doors and finials are beautifully carved.
Who brought Christianity to Norway?
Christianity made its way to Norway in the early 8th century. Vikings, who had been converted to Catholicism during their travels, brought their new religion home when they returned. In addition to converted Vikings, monks and kings were also incredibly influential when it came to bringing Christianity to Norway.
Who burned churches in Norway?
After founding Burzum, he became part of the early Norwegian black metal scene. In 1992, Vikernes, along with other members of the scene, was suspected of burning down four Christian churches in Norway.
|Born||Kristian Vikernes 11 February 1973 Bergen, Norway|